2007/2/EC Directive INSPIRE
For EU Member States the Directive INSPIRE is a foundation of National Spatial Information Infrastructure Development, one of the main tools of electronic governance in Europe and changes approach towards data sharing. The INSPIRE Directive defines principal, general regulations for development of European Unified Spatial Information Infrastructure, based on five main principles:
- Harmonized, standardized, systematized, reliable and accessible spatial data will be collected only once and properly maintained,
- Data produced by one entity will be shared at every level,
- Received from various sources data may be combined and shared for lots of users and software (Functional Compatibility Conception),
- Geographic information, required at every management level, is accessible and transparent,
The INSPIRE Directive defines 34 thematic groups of spatial data sets, which are distributed in three Annexes, starting with cadastral land plots and ending with species distribution areas. The Directive legally obliges the State Institutions, having relevant spatial data stated in the Annexes, to make information accessible in line with INSPIRE Specifications. INSPIRE allows to set up limited access or adequate service fee for certain group of users, there should be records in the metadata concerning special terms.